The Grand Canyon, a unique combinations of geologic color and erosional forms .It is a steep-sided canyon carved by the Colorado River in Arizona, United States. The Grand Canyon is 277 miles (446 km) long, up to 18 miles (29 km) wide and attains a depth of over a mile (6,093 feet or 1,857 meters).
Nearly two billion years of Earth's geological history have been exposed as the Colorado River and its tributaries cut their channels through layer after layer of rock while the Colorado Plateau was uplifted. While some aspects about the history of incision of the canyon are debated by geologists, several recent studies support the hypothesis that the Colorado River established its course through the area about 5 to 6 million years ago.Since that time, the Colorado River has driven the down-cutting of the tributaries and retreat of the cliffs, simultaneously deepening and widening the canyon.
This UNESCO World Heritage Site is arguably one of this USA’s most famous landmarks and encompasses nearly 5,000 square kilometers of plummeting canyons, multicolored rocks, dramatic cliffs and stunning ravines.
Grand Canyon tourism
Grand Canyon National Park is one of the world's premier natural attractions, attracting about six million visitors per year.
Grand Canyon Village
Grand Canyon Village is the most popular entryway into the park and, as such, often suffers from heavy crowds during the peak seasons in spring, summer and fall. But there's a reason the area is so appealing. It's home to Yavapai Point, one of the best places to view the canyon.
The South Rim
The South Rim is the most accessible part of the park and it is open all year
Aside from casual sightseeing from the South Rim (averaging 7,000 feet [2,100 m] above sea level), rafting, hiking, running, and helicopter tours are popular. The Grand Canyon Ultra Marathon is a 78-mile (126 km) race over 24 hours. The floor of the valley is accessible by foot, muleback, or by boat or raft from upriver. Hiking down to the river and back up to the rim in one day is discouraged by park officials because of the distance, steep and rocky trails, change in elevation, and danger of heat exhaustion from the much higher temperatures at the bottom. Rescues are required annually of unsuccessful rim-to-river-to-rim travelers. Nevertheless, hundreds of fit and experienced hikers complete the trip every year
Averaging 8000 feet/ 2438 m above sea level, rises 1000 feet/ 305 m higher than the South Rim, and because of its remote location, is less accessible than the South Rim. The North Rim has a short season; between May 15, and October 15 of each year.
Bright Angel Point
Take this steep trail, which starts just west of the Bright Angel Lodge in Grand Canyon Village, to Plateau Point for some great views of the river. The Bright Angel Trail is a little more than 6 miles long one-way. For a unique Grand Canyon experience, consider traveling the Bright Angel Trail by mule
North Rim Scenic Drive
The Rim Trail is one of the most popular and comprehensive trails in the Grand Canyon and one of the best ways to see the South Rim's most popular attractions and viewpoints. This fairly easy walking path traces the canyon's edge, stopping off at favorite lookout points like Maricopa Point and Hopi Point.
The Rim Trail begins at Pipe Creek Vista (several miles east of Grand Canyon Village) and ends at the popular Hermit's Rest lookout point west of the village. In total, the Rim Trail stretches about 12 miles.
North Kaibab Trail
the North Kaibab Trail is the area's premier hike. The trail leads all the way to the Colorado River, and hiking enthusiasts can take the 14 miles to the Bright Angel Campground near the water.
one of the most beautiful sights in the Grand Canyon, Havasu Falls is a desert oasis, complete with crystal blue waterways and gushing falls that add an almost surreal quality to the dry canyon backdrop. The falls lie just south of the national park .
Colorado River Rafting
To see the Grand Canyon from a different point of view, consider taking a rafting trip down the Colorado River.
Grand Canyon Skywalk
One of the more controversial additions to the Grand Canyon's surroundings, the Grand Canyon Skywalk is a large, semi-circular bridge with a transparent glass floors, allowing tourists to walk 70 feet out over the canyon and view the floor from a truly unique vantage point – 4,000 feet above. The Skywalk lies outside of the park on the grounds of the Hualapai Indian Tribe.
Parashant National Monument
A lonely and rocky two-track road in a 4x4 to the edge of the Grand Wash Cliffs. Find a stunning solitary vista deep into the Grand Canyon.
Lees Ferry is the only place within Glen Canyon where visitors can drive to the Colorado River in over 700 miles of canyon country, right up to the first rapid in the Grand Canyon. A natural corridor between Utah and Arizona, Lees Ferry figured prominently in the exploration and settlement of northern Arizona. Lees Ferry is now a meeting of the old and the new.
At 3,000 vertical feet (880 m) above the Colorado River, the sheer drop from Toroweap Overlook offers a dramatic view. The volcanic cinder cones and lava flows in this ancestral home of the Southern Paiute people make this area unique.
A visit to Tuweep provides an opportunity for an uncrowded, rustic, and remote experience. Access is challenging and demands skill at negotiating difficult roadways. Summer brings monsoonal rain and lightning. Winter includes rain, snow, and freezing temperatures. be ready for quickly changing conditions.
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